Folk Religion in Vietnam – Vietnamese Gods
Folk religion in Vietnam is a long-established Vietnamese religion that reflects locals’ lives in the past and their beliefs in supernatural forces at work in everyday life events, while also promoting human and national values. Vietnamese Gods are worshiped and revered in folk religion.
The Origin and Story of Vietnamese Gods in Folk Religion in Vietnam
Vietnamese Gods are fictional or real people who have died; they can be national heroes, characters from stories who are known for their goodness and diligence, or even ordinary good-hearted people. There are many Vietnamese Gods worshiped in temples, each with their own myths and stories.
Au Co and Lac Long Quan
The myth became a folk religion in Vietnam, and it is believed that their children became the ancestors of the first king of Vietnamese, Hung Vuong. A fairy named Au Co and a dragon named Lac Long Quan fell in love and married, but their natures as a water person and a mountain girl made their lives incompatible.
Giong Festival is a significant day in Vietnamese folk religion, held on the 6th day of the Tet Holiday at Soc Temple and Phu Dong Temple in Gia Lam District, Hanoi; Giong also became a part of the Vietnamese Gods and was sacredly worshiped in Soc Son District.
Son Tinh and Thuy Tinh
The 18th Hung King had a beautiful princess named Mi Nuong, and many young men came hoping to marry her. Son Tinh, the Mountain Spirit, obtained the King’s permission and then took the princess to his mountain kingdom. Thuy Tinh refused to be defeated, and the war was continued annually.
Tao Quan (Kitchen God)
The Jade Emperor was aware of their story and granted them the title of three Kitchen Gods, allowing them to live happily ever after. On the 23rd day of the lunar calendar’s last month, the locals make offerings and the gods ride a carp to heaven.
Phuc, Loc, Tho
Phuc, Loc, and Tho are three deities of Blessing, Prosperity, and Longevity who are believed to have originated from two Chinese tales. Their statues are usually found in altars, temples, and shrines, mostly in private homes, and the story has become a part of Vietnamese folk religion.
Than Tai (The God of Wealth)
The God of Wealth is a vital god in Vietnamese folk religion, and people often buy gold to keep safe and to receive luck on Than Tai Day, the 10th day of the Lunar New Year, which is very important for business people.
Ong Dia (The Land Spirit)
With the image of a simple laughing man with a plump belly, holding a fan, the Land Spirit is regarded as a good friend of Vietnamese farmers. Some of the Land Spirit’s popular offerings include a small five-fruit tray, alcohol, and flowers.
Thanh Mau (Holy Mother)
Mau Lieu Hanh is the most important goddess in Vietnamese women’s worship, as well as one of the four immortal gods (Son Tinh – the Mountain Spirit). Her most famous temple is Phu Day Relics in Nam Dinh Province.
Tran Hung Dao – Duc Thanh Tran (Saint Tran)
Saint Tran Hung Dao is revered as a god and the father of the Vietnamese nation, with many temples and statues dedicated to him throughout the country. His death anniversary is on the 20th day of the 8th lunar month.
Summary of Folk Religion in Vietnam – Vietnamese Gods
Learning about the gods, visiting their temples, and participating in festivals will help you better understand Vietnamese culture. Check out our private motorbike tours in Ho Chi Minh City with professional local guides.
What God do the Vietnamese worship?
Cao u00e0i (literally, “Highest Lord” or “Highest Power”) is the highest deity, the same as the Jade Emperor, who created the universe. Cao u00e0i has common roots and similarities with the Tiu00ean Thiu00ean o doctrines. listen), literally, “Highest Lord” or “Highest Power”) is the highest deity, the same as the Jade Emperor, who created the universe.
Do Vietnamese pray to Buddha?
With the belief that liberation occurs with the assistance of Buddhas and bodhisattvas, Buddhist monks commonly chant sutras, recite Buddhas’ names (particularly Amitbha), repent, and pray for rebirth in the Pure Land.
What religion do Vietnamese follow?
In 2019, over 26% of the Vietnamese population identified as religious, with Buddhists accounting for 14.9 percent, Roman Catholics for 7.4%, and other smaller religious groups such as Hinduism, Muslim, Baha’i Faith, and members of the Church of Jesus Christ accounting for the remaining 26%.
What are some Vietnamese traditions?
Only Vietnamese people understand these 7 customs.
- Celebrating a baby’s first month.
- Eating boiled chicken.
- Choosing a unique phone number.
- Asking personal questions.
- U201cInvitingu201d everyone to eat before a meal.
- Playing English-language music for holidays and anniversaries.
Is Vietnam an atheist country?
According to the most recent census, conducted in 2009, 81.6 percent of the population has no religious affiliation at all, making Vietnam, an officially atheist state, one of the world’s least religious countries. While Mahayana Buddhism is the predominant religion, according to the most recent census, conducted in 2009, 81.6 percent of the population has no religious affiliation at all.
What do Vietnamese do when someone dies?
Funerals in Vietnam are complicated to say the least, with gold coins and rice placed in the mouth of the deceased, finger and toe nails clipped and packaged, and, strangest of all, a vigilant guard for the coffin to ensure that cats and dogs don’t jump over the body and bring the deceased back to life.
Is Father a prayer?
Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses as we forgive those who trespass against us; and lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.
Is Buddhism illegal in Vietnam?
The government officially recognizes Buddhist, Catholic, Protestant, Ha Ho, Cao u00e0i, and Muslim religious organizations, and their prominent traditional position has no negative impact on religious freedom for others, including those who do not practice a religion.
What percentage of Vietnamese are Buddhist?
According to the Government Committee for Religious Affairs (CRA), religious believers account for 26.4 percent of the population, with 14.91 percent Buddhists, 7.35 percent Roman Catholics, 1.09 percent Protestants, 1.16 percent Cao Dai, and 1.47 percent Hoa Hao Buddhists.
Are most Vietnamese Buddhist?
While some surveys claim that there are 45-50 million Buddhists in Vietnam, the government claims that there are only 6.8 million, and others claim that 80% of Vietnamese are Buddhist.
What is unique about Vietnamese culture?
Vietnamese culture, which is part of the East Asian cultural sphere, has certain distinguishing characteristics, such as ancestor veneration and worship, respect for community and family values, and manual labor religious belief, as well as four important cultural symbols: dragons, turtles, phoenix, and unicorn.
What religion is Lao?
Theravada Buddhism is the dominant religion of the ethnic or “lowland” Lao, who make up 53.2 percent of the overall population; the rest of the population is made up of at least 48 ethnic minority groups, the majority of whom practice animism and ancestor worship, according to the LFNC and MOHA.
What is the most important holiday in Vietnam?
Tet, or Lunar New Year, is the most important festival and holiday in Vietnam.